ABOUT SKIN CANCER
SUBHEADING GOES HERE
TYPES OF SKIN CANCER
There are three common types of skin cancer, all of which are treatable if caught early:
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Responsible for 80% of skin cancers, basal cell carcinoma begins in skin cells called basal cells, found in the lower part of the epidermis. It looks like a flesh-coloredm, pearl-like bump or pinkish patch of skin. It's most common on the head, neck, and arms, but can develop anywhere on the body.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
The second most common type of skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma begins in the upper/outer part of the epidermis. It often appears as a red, firm bump, scaly patch, or sore that heals and re-opens, and tends to form on skin that gets frequent sun exposure.
The most serious form of skin cancer due to its tendency to spread, melanoma is caused when the cells that give our skin pigment (melanocytes) become cancerous. It can develop within an existing mole or appear as a dark spot that looks different from the rest. Melanomas can develop anywhere on the body (even those that don't get sun exposure), and on any skin tone, so early diagnosis anf treatment are crucial.
—RISK FACTORS FOR SKIN CANCER—
There are several factors that can increase your risk for skin cancer, including:
UV Radiation: excessive exposure from either the sun or indoor tanning
Moles: having many moles or abnormal/irregular moles
Skin Color: fair skin that freckles or burns easily has less protective pigment (melanin), but any skin color, race, or ethnicity can get skin cancer.
Family History: a parent or sibling who has had skin cancer
Previous Skin Cancer: a previous diagnosis increases the chance that it will return
Age: sun exposure builds up over time, increasing your risk with age
Weakened Immune System: this means the body can't fight off cancer as affectively
While these factors put you at greater risk, remember that anyone can get skin cancer and continue to exercise caution.